16 years ago, on this day, the Iraqi warplanes marked the beginning of the 8-year war by flying over the Tehran airport. The Iran-Iraq war not only ended up with hundreds of thousand casulties and devastated the economy of both Iran and Iraq but also had a great impact on the way Iran was proceeding toward its goals.
When the war started, it brought by itself its own culture, which was heavily promoted by the government. After the first major victory of Iran, the liberation of the city of Khoramshahr, a new stage in Iran's history began; Iran's supreme leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, said his famous quote: "God freed Khoramshahr".
From that time, it was promoted everywhere that God is with us and has promised us the victory. The West and the East will be defeated soon, thanks to God's help. We just need to praise him and make sure that we do everything for his sake. It may sound very insane today, but it is a fact that God and his promise became the main slogan of the government. I remember, when I was a kid, I was never worried about the war and Iran's frequent loss since I was very confident that we would eventually win.
However, the war ended very differently from what Ayatollah Khomeini, his followers, and I expected. The destroyed economy, extensive use of chemical weapon by Iraq and the role of Ayatalloh Montazeri forced Ayatoallah Khomeini to finally accept the UN resolution 598. Khomeini compared the humiliating acceptance of the ceasefire in his letter to the nation with drinking "a cup of poison hemlock". He basically admitted that God was no longer on our side!
In my opinion, the whole idea of Islamic Revolution was about the God's role in the society. This idea fully died by the end of the war. After the ceasefire, the government came to the conclusion (even if they pretend otherwise) that they'd better take care of everyday's life of the people rather than their ideals such as freeing Jerusalem.