“Big Change”. Everybody is talking about this big thing. Perhaps most people think of it as a change of government, but then what kind of change? Is it going to make state and “mosque” separate (and I don’t want to think about what is going on in Turkey as our future) or some sort of republic in which parties could bring religion to office? And is the latter really different from what we have now?
About 90% of Iranians are Muslim, and probably a lot of them demand Islamic laws, one way or another. Babak Seradjeh put it nicely in his post that still people’s political demands are uncertain. I think cultural demands are even more uncertain. A new government may bring freedom (that’s the hope), but is this freedom going to be respected by all layers of Iranian society? Probably the ideal government for intellectuals and non-religious people would ensure unlimited freedom as in North America, but is the mass population ready for this kind of change?
Consider these for example: will an official religion exist in the new constitution? Will punishments still be based on Islamic rules—what will happen to the principle of an eye for an eye (Qesas) or will adultery stay a crime? Even consider simple things in every day life. Will Hijab be mandatory? Even if not, will this freedom be respected every where? What about sexual freedom? The list goes on and on.
My point is that nobody likes the current constitution (especially judicial system introduced in it), but how much do we (intellectuals per se) want religion incorporated in the new constitution, and how much will mass population agree with us?